Managing speaking tasks in the EFL classroom

A checklist of things to consider when planning speaking tasks for the foreign language classroom In many cases our learners will rarely find the opportunity to practise the TL outside the language classroom. It is therefore essential to encourage them to speak in the foreign language as much as possible. We must give them the …

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Introducing and practising new language in the EFL classroom

    When we plan to focus on a new TL pattern (a new linguistic structure, a new grammar point etc.) there are several points to keep in mind. We must think of the most effective ways to introduce this new linguistic information, to grade the level of difficulty of the tasks according to our learners’ …

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Lesson planning and its importance to effective language teaching

How can we create efficient lesson plans for the EFL classroom? Here are some key factors to take into account when designing the various stages of our English language lessons In how much detail should we plan? Harmer (2001) has described the stages of lesson planning in the following ‘planning continuum’: What should be included …

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The role of input modification and internal language processing in foreign language learning

How can we promote L2 acquisition through the negotiation of meaning and input adaptation? Here are some points to consider on the role of comprehensible input and learner discourse modifications in the development of our learners’ interlanguage.     With regard to L2 acquisition, a lot of research has been focusing on the role of input …

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Teaching mixed proficiency levels

What are the problems and challenges in teaching multilevel classes? Here are some strategies to foster language learning and maintain learner motivation in heterogeneous classrooms “We do not teach a group, but thirty separate people. Because of this, the problem of mixed abilities in the same room seems absolutely natural and it is the idea …

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The language threshold hypothesis and its implications on L2 reading instruction

How can we help our foreign language learners become efficient readers in the TL? Here are some points to consider to promote reading comprehension in the EFL classroom The language threshold hypothesis (Cummings, 1976) states that “a minimum threshold in language proficiency must be passed before a second-language speaker can reap any benefits from language” …

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Motivational strategies for the foreign language classroom

How can we increase our learners’ ‘goal-orientedness’ and intrinsic motivation? Here are 8 motivational strategies for the language classroom that will help us keep our learners’ self-confidence and willingness to participate in the lesson at high levels There are many ways by which teachers can positively affect both the intrinsic and the extrinsic motivation of …

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Error feedback, scaffolding and second language learning

How can teacher feedback be utilized to promote foreign language learning? Here are some points to consider on the role of conversational repair and the negotiation of meaning in the foreign language classroom.     Aljaafreh and Lantolf (1994:469) refer to the notion of scaffolding as “the idea of offering just enough assistance to encourage and …

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Introducing pragmatics-focused materials in the foreign language classroom

What are the benefits of incorporating pragmatics in the EFL classroom? Here are 5 tips on fostering language learning by effectively developing our learners’ pragmatic competence in the target language. While native speakers are usually able to identify a grammatical error produced by a non-native speaker, they may not do the same or react in …

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